Command line tool that reports size of things (functions, data, classes, templates, object files) in a Visual Studio compiled exe/dll. Extracts info from debug information (.pdb) file.
Based on code by Fabian “ryg” Giesen (farbrausch.com/~fg).
Version 0.1.4 here (74 KB). Includes executable, source and project file for Visual Studio 2008.
- Compile your executable with Visual Studio, with symbol database (.pdb).
- Run Sizer.exe <path-to-exe-file> from command line. Optionally redirect stdout to a file.
- Output is a text file that lists functions, aggregated templates, data, classes/namespaces and object files, sorted by size, largest to smallest.
It requires either having Visual Studio 2003/2005/2008 to be installed, or having msdia71.dll/msdia80.dll/msdia90.dll in Sizer’s folder on in path. Since I’m not sure what are distribution terms of msdia*.dll, I’m not including it in the download. It looks like VS2005 redist does contain the dlls.
Output will look like this:
Functions by size (kilobytes): 3.37: _input input.obj 2.04: _woutput woutput.obj 1.99: _output output.obj 1.51: CWnd::OnWndMsg wincore.obj 1.47: ATL::AtlIAccessibleInvokeHelper wincore.obj 1.17: TZip::Add XZip.obj 1.05: __strgtold12 strgtold.obj 1.02: GetOpenGLInfo BugSystemInfo.obj 1.00: crc_table <no objfile> 0.98: CWnd::FilterToolTipMessage tooltip.obj 0.93: __crtLCMapStringA a_map.obj 0.93: Uploader::DoUpload Uploader.obj ...more Aggregated templates by size (kilobytes): 1.58 # 3: std::vector::_Insert_n 0.79 # 8: std::basic_string::append 0.53 # 6: std::basic_string::assign Data by size (kilobytes): 10.46: __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR OPENGL32.dll 6.00: _afxMsgCache wincore.obj BSS by size (kilobytes): 4.00: _bufin * Linker * Classes/Namespaces by code size (kilobytes): 74.54: <global> 11.43: CWnd 3.68: Uploader ...more Object files by code size (kilobytes): 17.37: wincore.obj 13.05: XZip.obj 8.82: Dlg.obj 4.02: Uploader.obj 3.88: BugSystemInfo.obj ...more Overall code: 142.77 kb Overall data: 52.75 kb Overall BSS: 4.00 kb
0.1.4, 2010 10 14 lucas: convert projectfile to vs2008 lucas: add support for reading vs2008 generated pdb's 0.1.3, 2008 01 17 aras: fixed a crash on some executables (IDiaSymbol2::get_type may return S_FALSE). Reported by Ivan-Assen Ivanov. aras: print a dot for each 1000 symbols read. Some executables spend ages inside DIA dlls. 0.1.2, 2008 01 14 ryg: added support for VC8.0 DIA DLL ryg: added support for loading DIA DLLs that are not registered (drop msdia*.dll into app folder) ryg: split up "data" report into data and BSS (uninitialized data) sections ryg: fixed some size computations aras: strip whitespace from symbol names (often happens with templates) 0.1.1, 2008 01 13 aras: improved error messages aras: removed unused source files 0.1, 2008 01 13 initial release
- The results are only as good as the information you put in. If you compile without debug information, the PDB will only contain relatively rough info about public symbols and not much else. For example, data declared static will be reported as belonging to the nearest public symbol - it’s stored like that in the PDB, and there’s no way of getting more detailed information. So if you see something weird, like a 14k uninitialized array that you know for a fact is only 1k big, what’s happened is that all the uninitialized data following that symbol has been attributed to it. Compile your executable with debug symbols on (they don’t blow up the size, since everything is in a separate PDB file).
- The sizes reported are raw, uncompressed sizes. Most application installers will compress the executable, and compression may vary wildly depending on the code itself.
- On some executables it takes ages to read the PDB information - often it can read 10000 symbols in a second, but on some executables it takes a minute or two. I don’t quite know why; profiler says all the time is spent in DIA dll.